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RedBull™
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Prispevkov: 4311
Pridružen: So maj 08, 2004 9:47 am

Avtomobilski znaki, oznake, kratice

Napisal/-a RedBull™ So sep 24, 2005 10:02 pm

4WD (Four Wheel Drive) Pogon na štiri kolesa
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2WD (Two Wheel Drive) Pogon na sprednji/zadnji kolesi
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4WS (Four Wheel Steering) Krmiljenje štirih koles
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ABC (Active Body Control) Sistem aktivnega vzmetenja
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ABS (Anti Blokier System) Proti blokirni zavorni sistem
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AC (Air Condition) Klimatska naprava
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ACC (Active Cruise Control) Aktivni tempomat
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ACEA/CCMC (Association Des Constructeurs Europeens D'Automobiles) Evropska klasifikacija delovnih karakteristik motornega olja
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ADS (Adaptive Dämfung System) Prilagodljiv pnevmatski sistem
vzmetenja
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AFL (Adapted Forward Lightning ) Prilagodljivi prednji zarometi (ksenonske zarnice)
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AFS (Advanced Frontlightning System) Prilagodljivi prednji zarometi (halogenske zarnice)
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AGS (Adaptive Gearbox Shift) Prilagodljivo samodejno
prestavljanje
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ALB (Anti Lock Braking) Proti blokirni zavorni sistem
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API (American Petroleum Institute) Klasifikacija delovnih karakteristik motornega olja
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ASC (Automatic Stability Control) Samodejno preprečevanje zdrsa
pogonskih koles
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ASC+T (Automatic Stability and Traction Control) Samodejno preprečevanje zdrsa pogonskih koles z zaviranjem
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ASMS (Automatic Stability Management System) Vsebuje več vrst samodejnih elektronskih naprav
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ASR (Anti Schlupf Regelung) Samodejno preprečevanje zdrsa
pogonskih koles z zaviranjem
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ATM (Adaptive Transmission Management) Prilagodljiv samodejni
menjalnik
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AUC (Automatische Umluft Control) Samodejna zapora zračenja
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AWD (All Wheel Drive) Pogon na vsa kolesa
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BAS (Brake Assyst) Pomočnik pri zaviranju
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BPP (Brake Pedal Position Switch)
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BST (Battery Safety Terminal) Preprečevanje požara pri
trčenju
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CAI (Cold Air Intake)
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CAN (Controller Area Network) Omrežje med tipali naprav in
osrednjem računalniku
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CCC (Close Coupled Catalyst) Katalizator
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CDC (Continuous Damping Control) Blažitev tresljajev
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CDI (Common Direct Injection (Mercedes-Benz)) Način vbrizgavanja pri
dizelskih motorjih
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CDPF (Coated Diesel Particulated Filter) Filter trdih delcev
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CFI (Central Fuel Injection) Vbrizg goriva skozi eno šobo
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CHT (Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor)
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CKP (Crankshaft Position Sensor)
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CMP (Camshaft Position Sensor)
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CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) Stisnjen naravni plin
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CPP (Clutch Pedal Position Switch)-above pedal
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CVT (Continously Variable Transmission) Samodejni menjalnik z
neskončno prestav
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CVTCS (Continously Variable Valve Timing Control System) Nissanov V6 bencinski motor
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DAWS (Driver Attention Warning System) Saabov varnostni sistem,ki zazna nezbranost pri vozniku
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DBC (Dynamic Brake Control) Elektronska porazdelitev
zavorne sile s pomočnikom pri zaviranju
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dCi (diesel Commonrail injection (Renault)) Način vbrizgavanja pri
dizelskih motorjih
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DDE (Digital Diesel Electronics) Digitalna elektronika
dizelskih motorjev
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DISA (Differenzierte Sauganlage sistem) Spreminjanja dolžine sesalnih
cevi za zrak v motorju
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DLC (Data Link Connector)-under RH fascia
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DOHC (Double Overhead Camshaft) Dvojna odmična gred
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DME (Digital Motor Electronics) hitra digitalna elektronika za nadzor motorjev in vseh sistemov na njem
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DSA (Dynamic Stability Assistance) samodejno preprečevanje zdrsa pogonskih koles
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DSC (Dynamic Stability Control) dinamični nadzor stabilnosti
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DSI (Driving Safety Indicator-Nokian gume) Indikator izrabljenosti gume

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DSTC (Dynamic Stability & Traction Control) elektronsko uravnavanje stabilnosti
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DTI (Direct Turbo Injection-Opel) način vbrizgavanja pri dizelskih motorjih
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EBD (Electronic Brakeforce Distribution) elektronsko dodajanje zavorne moči
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EBV (Elektronische Bremskraft Verteilung) elektronska porazdelitev zavorne moči
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ECM (Engine Control Modul) Kontrolni modul motorja
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ECU (Engine Control Unit) nadzorna enota motorja
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EDC (Electronic Damper Control) elektronski nadzor blažilnikov
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EDC (Electronic Diesel Control) elektronski nadzor vbrizga pri dizelskih motorjih
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EDS (Elektronische Differencialsperre) elektronska zapora diferenciala
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EFI (Electronic Fuel Injection) vbrizg goriva skozi eno šobo
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EG (European Gas) evropski standard za bencin
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EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) vračanje izpušnih plinov
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EMC (ElectroMagnetic Compatibility) združljivost elektromagnetnih sevanj
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EPS (Electronic Power Steering) z elektromotorjem ojačan servovolan
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ESP (Electronic Stability Program) elektronsko uravnavanje stabilnosti
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ETC (Electronic Traction Control) elektronsko preprečevanje zdrsa pogonskih koles
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ETS (Electronic Tracion System) elektronsko zaviranje koles
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EV (Electric Vehicle) avtomobil na električni pogon
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EVAP (Evaporative Emission Canister Purge Valve)
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FDR (Fahr Dynamik Regelung) preprečevanje prečnih zdrsov
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FFV (Flexible Fuel Vehicle) avtomobil na poljubno gorivo
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FIRE (Fully Integrated Robotized Engine) popolno robotsko izdelan motor
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F.I.R.S.T. (Fully Integrated Road Safety Technology) skupek mnogih varnostnih naprav
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FPS (Fire Protecting System) protipožarni sistem
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FWD (Front Wheel Drive) Pogon na prednja kolesa
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GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection (Mitsubishi)) direkten vbrig bencina
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GGV (Graphitguss Vermicular) Posebna zlitina grafita in jekla
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GPS (Global Positioning System) določanje položaja prek satelita
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GSi (Grand Sport Injection)
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GTI (Grand Turismo Injection)
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GTC (Gran Turismo Compact) Oznaka Opel Astre
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HDC (Hill Descent Control) pomočnik pri zaviranju pri spustih
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HDi (High Pressure Direct injection(Citroën, Peugeot)) način vbrizgavanja pri dizelskih motorjih-Common Rail
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HO2S (Heated Oxygen Sensor)-Pred katalizatorjem
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HP (Horse Power) konjske moči (KM)
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HPi (High Performance Injection) Način vbrizgavanja pri dizelskih motorjih
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HPi ((Peugeot)High Pressure Direct Injection Petrol engine)
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HSA ((SAAB)Hill Start Assist) Pomoč pri speljevanju v klanec
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i, I Injection direkten vbrizg goriva
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IAC (Idle Air Control Valve) Ventil prostega teka
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IAT (Intake Air Temperature Sensor) Merilec vhodne temperature zraka
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IC (Inflatable Curtain) zračna zavesa
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ICIM (Individual Control Intake Mainfold) sistem spreminjanja dolžine sesalnih cevi
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IDS (Interactive Driving System) Opel Astra
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IDS Plus Prilaganje trdote amortizerjev
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IFS (Inertia Fuel Shut-Off Switch)-Behind drivers side-kick panel
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ILSAC(International Lubricant Standardiation And Approval Committee) Ameriško-Japonska klasifikacija delovnih karakteristik motornega olja
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IMS (Instant Mobility System) sistem za zakrpanje predrte gume
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IRD (Intermediate Reduction Drive) prilagodljiv sredinski diferencial
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ISOFIX (International Standard Organization FIX) standardizirana pritrdilna mesta za otroške sedeže
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ITS (Inflatable Tubular Structure) bočna varnostna blazina
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JTD (uniJet Turbo Diesel) turbo dizelski motorji s skupnim vodom za dovod goriva
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KS (Knock Sensor)
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KW (Kilowatt) kilovati, 1KW ~ 1.35KM
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LSD ( Low Slip Differential ) Delna zapora diferenciala
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MAF (Mass Air Flow) Merilec pretoka zraka
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MAP (Manifold Absolute Pressure) Merilec tlaka
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MASC (Mitsubishi Active Stability Control)
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MATC (Mitsubishi Active Traction Control)
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MICS (Minimal Intrusion Cabin System)-Toyota
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MPI (Multi Point Injection) Večtočkovni vbrizg bencina
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MPG (Miles Per Galllon)1 Galon je 3,78 litra(Anglija-4,5 litra).1milja je 1,609 km.
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NGV (Natural Gas Vehicle) Vozilo na naravni plin
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NOS (Nitrous oxide)
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OBD (On Board Diagnostic) Program za nadzorovanje pravilnosti delovanja vbrizga in vžiga
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OHC (Over Head Camshaft)Odmicna gred v glavi
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OHV (Over Head Valve)Ventili v glavi,odmicna gred v bloku
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OPC (Opel Performance Center)
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PASM (Porsche Active Suspension Management) avto je spuščen bliže tlem za 10mm,trdota blažilnikov je nadzorovana in prilagodljiva
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PCCB (Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake) Kolute zavor
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PDC (Park Distance Control) kontrolna naprava za pomoč pri parkiranju
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PES (Poli Elipsoid System) posebni komptaktni žarometi
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PPD (Passenger Presence Detection) prepoznavanje prisotnosti sovoznika
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PRS (Programmed Restraint System) programirano varovanje potnikov
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PRS (Pedal Release System)
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PSP (Power Steering Pressure Switch) Stikalo tlaka servo volana,v visokotlacni cevi
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RWD (Rear Wheel Drive) Pogon na zadnja kolesa
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SAE (Society Of American Automotive Engineers)Splošno sprejeta in uporabna klasifikacija,ki določa viskoznost olja.
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SIPS (Side Impact Protection System(VOLVO)) kompleksen sistem za zaščito potnikov pri bočnem trku
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SDI (Standard Diesel Injection) standardni dizelski motor
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SF (Scuderia Ferrari) Ekipa Ferrarija
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SMH (Societe de Microelectronique et d'Horlogerie) švicarski koncern, ki izdeluje SMART-e
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SOHC (Single Overhead Camshaft) enojna odmična gred
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SPI (Single Point Injection) enotočkovni vbrizg
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SRS (Supplemental Restraint System) dodatni sistem za varovanje potnikov
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SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle)
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STC (Stability & Traction Control) samodejno preprečevanje zdrsa pogonskih koles z zaviranjem
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SVT (Special Vehicle Team) Firma,ki se ukvarja z predelavo vozil(Mustang)
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TC (Traction Control) kontrola pogonskih koles proti zdrsu
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TCS (Traction Control System) kontrola pogonskih koles proti zdrsu
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TDI (Turbo Direct Injection) turbo dizel motor
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THS (Hybrid Synergy Drive)-Toyota Prius
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TP (Throttle Position Sensor)
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TPMS (Tire Pressue Monitoring System)
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ULEV II (Ultra Low Emission Vehicle) Ameriska norma izpusnih plinov,strozja od EURO4
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VANOS (Variable Nockenwelle Steuerung) neskončno prilagajanje krmilnih časov sesalne in izpušne odmične gredi
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VDC (Vehicle Dynamic Control) elektronsko uravnavanje stabilnosti
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VIS (Variable Induction System) sesalni sistem s spremenljivo dolžino
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VSS (Vehicle Speed Sensor) nahaja se v prenosu
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VTEC (Variable valve Timing and lift Electronic Control system) sistem krmiljenja ventilov
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VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing - intelligent) prilagodljivo krmiljenje časov odpiranja sesalnega ventila
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WHIPS (WHiplash Protection System) varovanje hrbtenice in vrata
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WET (W Engineered Tread) guma z vzdolžnim kanalom po sredini
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OVERBOOST:
Turbina tlaci zrak pred vhodom v cilinder do nekega najvecjega tlaka(odvisno od motorja),ki je zgornja konstrukcijska meja toplotne in mehanske vzdrzljivosti motorja.Vsak motor ima mehansko rezervo,ki se v konstruiranju imenuje faktor sigurnosti in se giblje okrog 1,5.V praksi to pomeni,da vsak motor(teoreticno) lahko vzdrzi tudi do 50% vecjo moc.Vecji problem je toplotna vzdrzljivost motorja,ki je odvisna od hladilnega sistema(velikost crpalke,pretok vode,velikost hladilnika,uporabljeni materijali in njihova toplotna vzdrzljivost),ampak kratkotrajne obremenitve prenese brez problema.Ravno zaradi tega je pri nekaterih motorjih mozno kratkotrajno povecati tlak prednabijanja(over-boost),ki nudi povecanje moci za prehitevanja in je najveckrat casovno omejen na 20 sekund.
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Direktni vbrizg goriva:
Mitsubishi-GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection)
VW-FSI
Renault-IDE
Alfa Romeo-JTS (Jet Thrust Stoichiometric)
Ko grobar s ceste me bo pobral,vedite da redbull smrti se ni bal.
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